Yang, and M. Jin, L. Dang, J. Lohrman, B. Kirkeminde, Y. Xie, R. Lu, J. Liu, J. Featured on the cover for Advanced Optical Materials. Lohrman, Y. Liu, X. Duan, X. Zhao, M. Wuttig and S. Lu, C. Christianson, A. Kirkeminde, S.
Ren, J. Ruzicka, R. Wang, J. Lohrman, S. Kirkeminde and S.
Synthesis and applications of carbon nanomaterials for energy generation and storage
Bernardi, J. Lohrman, P. Kumar, A. Ferralis, J. Grossman, and S. Org , Wordnews , etc Kirkeminde, R. Scott, S. Lohrman, C. Zhang, W. Zhang, and S.
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Retsch, Q. Wan, G. Xu, R. Hui, J. Wu and S. Kirkeminde, B. Wang, S. Puna , H. Duan, S. Cai, Y. Xie, T. Bagby, S. Ren, M. Dang , Q, Sa, Z. Zheng, Y. Wang and S.
Bernardi, R. Lunt, V. Bulovic, J. Grossman and S. Ren, L. Chang, S.
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Lim, J. Zhao, N. Smith, V.
Bulovic, M. Bawendi and S.
Ren, N. Zhao, S. Crawford, V. Bulovic and S. Ren, S. Lim, and S. Featured on the cover for Chem. Commun M. Tambe, S. Ren and S. Laver and M. Ren, Robert M. Briber and M. Ren and M. Lim, M.
Murakami, W. Sarney, S. Ren, A. Author: Krebs, Frederik C. View graph of relations. Polymer solar cell PSC is the latest of all photovoltaic technologies which currently lies at the brink of commercialization. The impetus for its rapid progress in the last decade has come from low-cost high throughput production possibility which in turn relies on the use of low-cost materials and vacuum-free manufacture.
Indium tin oxide ITO , the commonly used transparent conductor, imposes the majority of the cost of production of PSCs, limits flexibility, and is feared to create bottleneck in the dawning industry due to indium scarcity and the resulting large price fluctuations. As such, finding a low-cost replacement of ITO is widely identified to be very crucial for the commercial feasibility of PSCs. In this regard, a variety of nanomaterials have shown remarkable potential matching up to and sometimes even surpassing the properties of ITO.